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Webdesign "B like Berlin" -Kampagne von mattheis Werbeagentur Berlin. Für uns die coolste und beste Berlin-Kampagne überhaupt, denn sie wurde. The latest Tweets from B-like-Berlin (@B_like_Berlin). Der Blog aus und über Berlin. Berlin ist die einzige Stadt, in der man in Deutschland sein kann, ohne in. B like Berlin ist eine Informationsseite für Berlin Touristen und Besucher. Sie wurde von Diplom-Designer Horst Robert Böhler (* März in Bad.

Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts Bezirke. Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteile , which have historic roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on.

Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. At present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.

The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin.

The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.

Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. The President of Germany , whose functions are mainly ceremonial under the German constitution , has their official residence in Bellevue Palace.

Federal Chancellery building , seat of the Chancellor of Germany. Reichstag , seat of the Bundestag.

Schloss Bellevue , seat of the President of Germany. The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in , however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn , the former capital of West Germany.

Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. Berlin hosts in total foreign embassies [] as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.

Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs.

Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin.

In , the total labour force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a year low in November and stood at Around , jobs were added in this period.

Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.

Research and development have economic significance for the city. Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city.

For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. The two largest banks headquartered in the capital are Investitionsbank Berlin and Landesbank Berlin.

Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Health Care and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city.

Berlin had hotels with , beds in Some of the most visited places in Berlin include: According to figures from the International Congress and Convention Association in Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences in the world hosting international meetings.

Its main exhibition area covers more than , square metres 1,, square feet. The creative arts and entertainment business is an important and sizable sector of the economy of Berlin.

In , around 30, creative companies were operating in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly SMEs. Generating a revenue of Berlin is an important centre in the European and German film industry.

Therefore, many international journalists, bloggers and writers live and work in the city. Berlin is the central location to several international and regional television and radio stations.

Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language publishing houses like Walter de Gruyter , Springer , the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe publishing group , Suhrkamp and Cornelsen are all based in Berlin.

Each of which publish books, periodicals, and multimedia products. In , around 7, mostly beige colored taxicabs were in service. Since , a number of app based e-car and e-scooter sharing services have evolved.

Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries.

Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea.

The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Similarly to other German cities, there is an increasing quantity of intercity bus services.

The city has more than 10 stations [] that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, being Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin the biggest station.

The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several extensive urban public transport systems. Berlin has two commercial international airports.

Both airports together handled In , 67 airlines served destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. The BER will have an initial capacity of around 35 million passengers per year.

As of [update] , plans for further expansion bringing the terminal capacity to approximately 50 million per year are in development.

Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system. Both offer electric power and natural gas supply.

As of [update] the five largest power plants measured by capacity are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg.

All of these power stations generate electricity and useful heat at the same time to facilitate buffering during load peaks. In the power grid connections in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region were renewed.

Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and innovations in medical technology. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis.

The scientific research at these institutions is complemented by many research departments of companies such as Siemens and Bayer.

The World Health Summit and several international health related conventions are held annually in Berlin. This system transmits compressed digital audio , digital video and other data in an MPEG transport stream.

Berlin has installed several hundred free public Wireless LAN sites across the capital since The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; hotspots indoor and outdoor access points are installed.

The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute develops mobile and stationary broadband communication networks and multimedia systems.

Focal points are photonic components and systems , fiber optic sensor systems, and image signal processing and transmission.

Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. As of [update] , Berlin had schools, teaching , children in 13, classes and 56, trainees in businesses and elsewhere.

After completing primary school, students continue to the Sekundarschule a comprehensive school or Gymnasium college preparatory school. Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule , in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school.

Kennedy School , a bilingual German—American public school located in Zehlendorf , is particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community.

The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centres of higher education and research in Germany and Europe.

Historically, 40 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities. The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges Hochschulen , offering a wide range of disciplines.

The three largest universities combined have approximately , enrolled students. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association , the Helmholtz Association , and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.

In addition to the libraries that are affiliated with the various universities, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library. There are also 86 public libraries in the city.

Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation. Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world.

The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the Universal Music Group who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree.

As of [update] Berlin is home to museums and more than art galleries. Subsequently, the Altes Museum was built in the Lustgarten.

Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city. The Hamburger Bahnhof , located in Moabit , exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art.

The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium. The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school.

The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history. It has the largest mounted dinosaur in the world a Giraffatitan skeleton.

A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well. The site of Checkpoint Charlie , one of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved.

A private museum venture exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the East.

The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban street art. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture.

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in , many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city centre of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and re-built by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and counterculture gatherings.

The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, Tresor and Berghain. The KitKatClub and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties.

Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend.

The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar , a bar that opens its shades at daybreak, allowing party-goers a panorama view of Berlin after dancing through the night.

The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene.

Berlin has a long history of gay culture, and is an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as early as the s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene , started in By the s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility.

The annual Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale with around , admissions is considered to be the largest publicly attended film festival in the world.

Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress.

The annual Berlin Festival focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week.

The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centred, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city.

Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages. The Berliner Ensemble , famous for performing the works of Bertolt Brecht , was established in With a seating capacity of 1, and a stage floor of 2, square metres 30, square feet , the Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin Mitte is the largest show palace in Europe.

Berlin has three major opera houses: Its current musical director is Daniel Barenboim. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is located at Unter den Linden as well.

The Deutsche Oper opened in in Charlottenburg. Contemporary dance can be seen at the Radialsystem V. The Tempodrom is host to concerts and circus inspired entertainment.

It also houses a multi-sensory spa experience. The Admiralspalast in Mitte has a vibrant program of variety and music events.

There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin. Its current principal conductor is Ivan Fischer. The Haus der Kulturen der Welt presents various exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.

The cuisine and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Twelve restaurants in Berlin have been included in the Michelin Guide of , which ranks the city at the top for the number of restaurants having this distinction in Germany.

Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes.

Typical Berliner fare include popular street food like the Currywurst which gained popularity with post-war construction workers rebuilding the city , Buletten and the Berliner doughnut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen.

Berlin is also home to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of the city. Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the lahmajoun and falafel , which have become common fast food staples.

The modern fast food version of the doner kebab sandwich evolved in Berlin in the s, and became a favorite in Germany and elsewhere in the world.

Zoologischer Garten Berlin , the older of two zoos in the city, was founded in It is the most visited zoo in Europe and presents the most diverse range of species in the world.

With an area of 43 hectares acres and around 22, different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world.

The Volkspark in Friedrichshain , which opened in , is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas.

Potsdam is situated on the southwestern periphery of Berlin. The city was a residence of the Prussian kings and the German Kaiser , until The area around Potsdam in particular Sanssouci is known for a series of interconnected lakes and cultural landmarks.

Berlin has established a high-profile as a host city of major international sporting events. In around , Berliners were registered in one of the more than 2, sport and fitness clubs.

Forty-seven elite athletes participated in the Summer Olympics. Berliners would achieve seven gold, twelve silver and three bronze medals.

Several professional clubs representing the most important spectator team sports in Germany have their base in Berlin:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the capital of Germany. For other uses, see Berlin disambiguation. Capital city and state in Germany. Capital city and state.

History of Berlin and Timeline of Berlin. West Berlin and East Berlin. Berlin Mitte landmarks from left to right seen from Victory Column: Mitte , the historical center: Unter den Linden boulevard in the foreground, high-rise buildings of Potsdamer Platz up to the right.

List of sights in Berlin and List of tallest buildings in Berlin. German language and Berlinerisch dialect. Berlin Cathedral the main evangelical church 2.

New Synagogue, Berlin 3. Politics of Berlin and Berlin Police. Boroughs and neighborhoods of Berlin. List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany.

List of sights in Berlin. The Berlin Fashion Week. List of films set in Berlin. Radio and telecommunication in Berlin.

Universities and research institutions in Berlin. The Berlinale is the largest international spectator film festival. List of museums and galleries in Berlin.

Invented in Berlin, currywurst is an icon of German popular culture and cuisine. Berlin portal Germany portal European Union portal.

Links to related articles. Biesdorf Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Marzahn. Cities in Germany by population. Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich.

States of the Federal Republic of Germany. Capitals of states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Capital cities of the member states of the European Union.

Capitals of European states and territories. Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics.

European Capitals of Culture. Summer Olympic Games host cities. Rio de Janeiro Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter.

Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Cologne 1 Dortmund 1. Retrieved 20 December Vehicles were registered under the following prefixes: Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 9 October Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 18 August German Embassy in Washington.

Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 11 April The New York Times. GaWC Research Bulletin Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 28 August Geographische Namen in Deutschland.

Retrieved 1 January Hausreste aus dem Jahr entdeckt" [Berlin is older than thought: Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 11 June Verlag CH Beck, Archived from the original on 20 June Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 30 May Der Tagesspiegel in German.

Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 11 February Gunther 1 January Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture.

Edition Luisenstadt Berlin, Nr. Ideas, Politics, and Society. Staff; Harvard Student Agencies, Inc. The Student Travel Guide.

Paul 15 June Science, Politics and Migration in Turbulent Times — The Rough Guide to Berlin. Wolfgang 27 April Retrieved 8 April The Quadripartite Agreement of September 3, ".

Diplomatic Mission to Germany. Retrieved 20 November Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in German. Retrieved 11 November Retrieved 22 February The Spatial Structure of a Divided City.

Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 7 April World Weather Information Service. Senate Department for Urban Development and Housing. Retrieved January 30, Stadtschloss wird teurer" [Neumann: Palace is getting more expensive].

Check out the Weltzeituhr world time Clock, topped by a model of the solar system, then turn back time by dining at the historic Zur Letzten Instanz, a 16th century restaurant that was frequented by Napoleon and Beethoven.

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Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.

Berlin lies in northeastern Germany, east of the River Saxon or Thuringian Saale , that once constituted, together with the River Elbe from their confluence onwards , the eastern border of the Frankish Realm.

While the Frankish Realm was primarily inhabited by Germanic tribes like the Franks and the Saxons , the regions east of the border rivers were inhabited by Slavic tribes.

This is why most of the cities and villages in northeastern Germany bear Slavic -derived names Germania Slavica. Typical Germanised place name suffixes of Slavic origin are -ow , -itz , -vitz , -witz , -itzsch and -in , prefixes are Windisch and Wendisch.

It is therefore a canting arm. Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a partly Slavic-derived name: In , Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg , which he ruled until The protests of the town citizens against the building culminated in , in the "Berlin Indignation" "Berliner Unwille".

After the royal palace was finished in , it gradually came into use. In , the electors and the city officially became Lutheran. One third of its houses were damaged or destroyed, and the city lost half of its population.

Since , the Margraviate of Brandenburg had been in personal union with the Duchy of Prussia. This was a successful attempt to centralise the capital in the very far-flung state, and it was the first time the city began to grow.

Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Berlin. In , neighbouring suburbs including Wedding , Moabit and several others were incorporated into Berlin.

In the early 20th century, Berlin had become a fertile ground for the German Expressionist movement. At the end of the First World War in , a republic was proclaimed by Philipp Scheidemann at the Reichstag building.

In , the Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages and estates around Berlin into an expanded city.

The population almost doubled and Berlin had a population of around four million. During the Weimar era , Berlin underwent political unrest due to economic uncertainties, but also became a renowned centre of the Roaring Twenties.

The metropolis experienced its heyday as a major world capital and was known for its leadership roles in science, technology, arts, the humanities, city planning, film, higher education, government and industries.

Albert Einstein rose to public prominence during his years in Berlin, being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in In , Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power.

Starting in early , many were shipped to death camps , such as Auschwitz. The Allies dropped 67, tons of bombs on the city, destroying 6, acres of the built up area.

Around , civilians were killed. The victorious powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the occupation zones into which Germany was divided.

All four Allies shared administrative responsibilities for Berlin. However, in , when the Western Allies extended the currency reform in the Western zones of Germany to the three western sectors of Berlin, the Soviet Union imposed a blockade on the access routes to and from West Berlin, which lay entirely inside Soviet-controlled territory.

The Berlin airlift , conducted by the three western Allies, overcame this blockade by supplying food and other supplies to the city from June to May The founding of the two German states increased Cold War tensions.

West Berlin was surrounded by East German territory, and East Germany proclaimed the Eastern part as its capital, a move that was not recognised by the western powers.

East Berlin included most of the historic centre of the city. The West German government established itself in Bonn. Kennedy gave his " Ich bin ein Berliner " speech in , underlining the US support for the Western part of the city.

Berlin was completely divided. Although it was possible for Westerners to pass to the other side through strictly controlled checkpoints, for most Easterners travel to West Berlin or West Germany was prohibited by the government of East Germany.

In , with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished.

Today, the East Side Gallery preserves a large portion of the wall. On 3 October , the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin again became the official German capital.

In , the German Parliament, the Bundestag , voted to move the seat of the German capital from Bonn to Berlin, which was completed in On 18 June , soldiers from the United States, France and Britain marched in a parade which was part of the ceremonies to mark the final withdrawal of foreign troops allowing a reunified Berlin.

The number of boroughs was reduced from 23 to In , the German parliament voted to allow the reconstruction of the Berlin Palace , which started in and will be finished in In a terrorist attack linked to ISIL , a truck was deliberately driven into the Christmas market next to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church , leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured.

Berlin is situated in northeastern Germany , in an area of low-lying marshy woodlands with a mainly flat topography , part of the vast Northern European Plain which stretches all the way from northern France to western Russia.

The Berliner Urstromtal an ice age glacial valley , between the low Barnim Plateau to the north and the Teltow Plateau to the south, was formed by meltwater flowing from ice sheets at the end of the last Weichselian glaciation.

The Spree follows this valley now. In Spandau, a borough in the west of Berlin, the Spree empties into the river Havel , which flows from north to south through western Berlin.

Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. The borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Glacial Valley and partly on the Nauen Plain, which stretches to the west of Berlin.

Since , the highest elevation in Berlin is found on the Arkenberge hills in Pankow, at metres feet. Through the dumping of construction debris, they surpassed Teufelsberg Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild.

Snowfall mainly occurs from December through March. Berlin was devastated by bombing raids , fires and street battles during World War II, and many of the buildings that had remained after the war were demolished in the post-war period in both West and East Berlin.

Much of this demolition was initiated by municipal architecture programs to build new residential or business quarters and main roads. Many ornaments of pre-war buildings were destroyed following modernist dogmas.

While in both systems and in reunified Berlin, various important heritage monuments were also partly reconstructed , including the Forum Fridericianum with e.

A number of new buildings are inspired by historical predecessors or the general classical style of Berlin, such as Hotel Adlon.

Clusters of high-rise buildings emerge at disperse locations, e. Berlin has three of the top 40 tallest buildings in Germany.

Built in , it is visible throughout most of the central districts of Berlin. Starting here the Karl-Marx-Allee heads east, an avenue lined by monumental residential buildings, designed in the Socialist Classicism style.

Adjacent to this area is the Rotes Rathaus City Hall , with its distinctive red-brick architecture. In front of it is the Neptunbrunnen , a fountain featuring a mythological group of Tritons , personifications of the four main Prussian rivers and Neptune on top of it.

The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany; it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace.

The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament. It was remodelled by British architect Norman Foster in the s and features a glass dome over the session area, which allows free public access to the parliamentary proceedings and magnificent views of the city.

The East Side Gallery is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the last existing portions of the Berlin Wall.

Restoration and construction of a main entrance to all museums, as well as reconstruction of the Stadtschloss continues. A large crypt houses the remains of some of the earlier Prussian royal family.

Many Classical buildings line the street and part of Humboldt University is located there. Potsdamer Platz is an entire quarter built from scratch after the Wall came down.

The area around Hackescher Markt is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries.

The nearby New Synagogue is the center of Jewish culture. Its name commemorates the uprisings in East Berlin of 17 June The church was destroyed in the Second World War and left in ruins.

Kennedy made his famous " Ich bin ein Berliner! West of the center, Bellevue Palace is the residence of the German President.

Charlottenburg Palace , which was burnt out in the Second World War, is the largest historical palace in Berlin. It was a former East-West border crossing and connects the boroughs of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg.

It was completed in a brick gothic style in The center portion has been reconstructed with a steel frame after having been destroyed in The bridge has an upper deck for the Berlin U-Bahn line U 1.

On 30 June the city-state of Berlin had a population of 3. Berlin is the second most populous city proper in the EU.

The urban area of Berlin comprised about 4. The number of deaths was 32, More than , families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin.

In the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40, people. National and international migration into the city has a long history.

In , following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in France, the city responded with the Edict of Potsdam , which guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years.

The Greater Berlin Act in incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin. It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin and increased the population from 1.

Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the s and s. Currently, Berlin is home to at least , Turkish and Turkish German residents, [81] making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey.

In the s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former Soviet Union. Today ethnic Germans from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community.

In December , there were , registered residents of foreign nationality and another , German citizens with a "migration background" Migrationshintergrund, MH , [75] meaning they or one of their parents immigrated to Germany after Foreign residents of Berlin originate from approximately different countries.

German is the official and predominant spoken language in Berlin. It is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

German is one of 24 languages of the European Union, [90] and one of the three working languages of the European Commission.

It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. It originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant.

The dialect is now seen more as a sociolect , largely through increased immigration and trends among the educated population to speak standard German in everyday life.

Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian are heard more often in the western part, due to the large Middle Eastern and former-Yugoslavian communities.

Religion in Berlin [92]. In , approximately Of the estimated population of 30,—45, Jewish residents, [99] approximately 12, are registered members of religious organizations.

Furthermore, Berlin is the seat of many Orthodox cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of St. The faithful of the different religions and denominations maintain many places of worship in Berlin.

More than 80 mosques, [] ten synagogues, [] and two Buddhist temples are located in Berlin. Since the reunification on 3 October , Berlin has been one of the three city states in Germany among the present 16 states of Germany.

The House of Representatives Abgeordnetenhaus functions as the city and state parliament, which currently has seats. Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts Bezirke.

Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteile , which have historic roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on.

Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. At present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.

The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin.

The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.

Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. The President of Germany , whose functions are mainly ceremonial under the German constitution , has their official residence in Bellevue Palace.

Federal Chancellery building , seat of the Chancellor of Germany. Reichstag , seat of the Bundestag. Schloss Bellevue , seat of the President of Germany.

The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in , however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn , the former capital of West Germany.

Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. Berlin hosts in total foreign embassies [] as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.

Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs.

Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin.

In , the total labour force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a year low in November and stood at Around , jobs were added in this period.

Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.

Research and development have economic significance for the city. Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city.

For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. The two largest banks headquartered in the capital are Investitionsbank Berlin and Landesbank Berlin.

Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Health Care and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city.

Berlin had hotels with , beds in Some of the most visited places in Berlin include: According to figures from the International Congress and Convention Association in Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences in the world hosting international meetings.

Its main exhibition area covers more than , square metres 1,, square feet. The creative arts and entertainment business is an important and sizable sector of the economy of Berlin.

In , around 30, creative companies were operating in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly SMEs.

Generating a revenue of Berlin is an important centre in the European and German film industry. Therefore, many international journalists, bloggers and writers live and work in the city.

Berlin is the central location to several international and regional television and radio stations. Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language publishing houses like Walter de Gruyter , Springer , the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe publishing group , Suhrkamp and Cornelsen are all based in Berlin.

Each of which publish books, periodicals, and multimedia products. In , around 7, mostly beige colored taxicabs were in service.

Since , a number of app based e-car and e-scooter sharing services have evolved. Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries.

Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea.

The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Similarly to other German cities, there is an increasing quantity of intercity bus services.

The city has more than 10 stations [] that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, being Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin the biggest station.

The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several extensive urban public transport systems. Berlin has two commercial international airports.

Both airports together handled In , 67 airlines served destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. The BER will have an initial capacity of around 35 million passengers per year.

As of [update] , plans for further expansion bringing the terminal capacity to approximately 50 million per year are in development.

Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system. Both offer electric power and natural gas supply. As of [update] the five largest power plants measured by capacity are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg.

All of these power stations generate electricity and useful heat at the same time to facilitate buffering during load peaks.

In the power grid connections in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region were renewed. Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and innovations in medical technology.

Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis.

The scientific research at these institutions is complemented by many research departments of companies such as Siemens and Bayer. The World Health Summit and several international health related conventions are held annually in Berlin.

This system transmits compressed digital audio , digital video and other data in an MPEG transport stream. Berlin has installed several hundred free public Wireless LAN sites across the capital since The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; hotspots indoor and outdoor access points are installed.

The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute develops mobile and stationary broadband communication networks and multimedia systems. Focal points are photonic components and systems , fiber optic sensor systems, and image signal processing and transmission.

Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. As of [update] , Berlin had schools, teaching , children in 13, classes and 56, trainees in businesses and elsewhere.

After completing primary school, students continue to the Sekundarschule a comprehensive school or Gymnasium college preparatory school. Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule , in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school.

Kennedy School , a bilingual German—American public school located in Zehlendorf , is particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community.

The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centres of higher education and research in Germany and Europe. Historically, 40 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities.

The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges Hochschulen , offering a wide range of disciplines.

The three largest universities combined have approximately , enrolled students. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association , the Helmholtz Association , and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.

In addition to the libraries that are affiliated with the various universities, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library. There are also 86 public libraries in the city.

Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation. Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world.

The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the Universal Music Group who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree.

As of [update] Berlin is home to museums and more than art galleries. Subsequently, the Altes Museum was built in the Lustgarten.

Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city. The Hamburger Bahnhof , located in Moabit , exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art.

The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium.

The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history.

It has the largest mounted dinosaur in the world a Giraffatitan skeleton. A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well.

The site of Checkpoint Charlie , one of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved. A private museum venture exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the East.

The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban street art. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture.

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in , many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city centre of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and re-built by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and counterculture gatherings.

The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, Tresor and Berghain. The KitKatClub and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties.

Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend.

The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar , a bar that opens its shades at daybreak, allowing party-goers a panorama view of Berlin after dancing through the night.

The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene.

Berlin has a long history of gay culture, and is an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as early as the s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene , started in By the s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility.

The annual Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale with around , admissions is considered to be the largest publicly attended film festival in the world.

Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress.

The annual Berlin Festival focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centred, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city.

Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages. The Berliner Ensemble , famous for performing the works of Bertolt Brecht , was established in With a seating capacity of 1, and a stage floor of 2, square metres 30, square feet , the Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin Mitte is the largest show palace in Europe.

Berlin has three major opera houses: Its current musical director is Daniel Barenboim. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is located at Unter den Linden as well.

The Deutsche Oper opened in in Charlottenburg. Contemporary dance can be seen at the Radialsystem V. The Tempodrom is host to concerts and circus inspired entertainment.

It also houses a multi-sensory spa experience. The Admiralspalast in Mitte has a vibrant program of variety and music events. There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin.

Its current principal conductor is Ivan Fischer. The Haus der Kulturen der Welt presents various exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.

The cuisine and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Powered by Weather Underground. Map updates are paused. Zoom in to see updated info. Check In Check Out.

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