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Die Russen jedenfalls schimpften: "Das Los bei der Europameisterschaft entscheiden zu lassen, ist ein Hohn für den Sport. In den Vorrundenspielen ist es . Die Fußball- / Fussball-Europameisterschaft gibt es seit Damals nannte man sie noch "Europapokal der Nationen" und alles begann ganz klein. Die größten Deutschen der EM-Geschichte. Die Nationalmannschaft von wurde nicht Weltmeister, erhielt aber dennoch das Prädikat Jahrhundert-Elf.

Though Ulrich initially made territorial gains as a result of his decision to fight alongside the Emperor Maximilian I , [43] he was no friend of the powerful Swabian League nor of his own subjects, [43] who launched the Poor Conrad rebellion of Ulrich, with the help of Philip I , Landgrave of Hesse , seized the chance to restore himself to power albeit as an Austrian vassal [43] in the turmoil of the Reformation and War with the Turks and invited Erhard Schnepf to bring the Reformation to Stuttgart.

He accepted, was named Court Preacher in Stuttgart, and worked in concert with Ambrosius Blarer until his dismissal following his resistance to the Augsburg Interim by the Duke in The Habsburgs once again had full reign of the city for another four years, and in that time Stuttgart had to carry the burden of billeting the pro-Habsburg armies in Swabia.

For the first time in centuries, Duke Eberhard Ludwig moved the seat of the Duchy out of the declining city of Stuttgart to Ludwigsburg , founded in , in while the namesake Baroque palace , known as the "Versailles of Swabia," [60] was still under construction.

When he came of age and returned from his tutoring at the court of Frederick the Great , King of Prussia , Charles desired to move the capital back to Stuttgart.

He commissioned the construction of the New Castle in , [61] Castle Solitude in , [62] Castle Hohenheim in , [63] and the Karlsschule in Prior to then, the signs of rebirth in Stuttgart were evidenced by the construction of such buildings of Rosenstein Castle in —, the Wilhelmspalais —, and the foundations of the Staatsgalerie in , University of Stuttgart in , [73] the University of Music and Performing Arts later, in When internal divisions of the Frankfurt Parliament began the demise of that congress, the majority of the Frankfurt Congress voted to move to Stuttgart to flee the reach of the Prussian and Austrian armies in Frankfurt and Mainz.

The advent of Industrialisation in Germany heralded a major growth of population for Stuttgart: In , Stuttgart counted 35, inhabitants, [80] rose to 50, in , 69, inhabitants in , [80] and finally 91, residents in This number doubled, due to the incorporation of local towns, to approximately , in and then , in In , the International Socialist Congress was held in Stuttgart was attended by about 60, people.

During World War I , the city was a target of air raids. The next major air raid on Stuttgart occurred 15 September , when structural damage caused house collapses that killed eleven people.

Under pressure from the revolutionaries, Wilhelm II refused the crown, but also refused to abdicate the throne. On 26 April , a new constitution was devised, and the final draft was approved and ratified on 25 September by the Constituent Assembly.

In , Stuttgart temporarily became the seat of the German National Government when the administration fled from Berlin from the Kapp Putsch.

Stuttgart, one of the cities bestowed an honourary title by the Nazi regime, was given the moniker "City of the Abroad Germans " in The Hotel Silber English: Silver , previously occupied by other forms of political police , was occupied by the Gestapo in to detain and torture political dissidents.

The nearby court at Archive Street German: Of them, only held in Internment survived the Shoah. For the first four years of the war, successful air raids on the city were rare because of the capable defense of the city by Wehrmacht ground forces, the Luftwaffe , and artificial fog.

The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Stuttgart in April The French 5th Armored Division then captured Stuttgart on 21 April , encountering little resistance.

Truman was unable to get De Gaulle to withdraw troops from Stuttgart until after the final boundaries of the zones of occupation were established.

The military government of the American occupation zone established a Displaced persons camp for displaced persons , mostly forced labourers from Central and Eastern European industrial firms in the area.

Byrnes at the Stuttgart Opera House. In , the city applied to become the capital of the soon to-be Federal Republic of Germany , and was a serious contender against Frankfurt , Kassel , and Bonn.

All these cities were examined by the Parlamentarischer Rat , [] but ultimately Bonn won the bid when the Republic was founded on 23 May Klett favored the idea of a modernist Automotive city with functional divisions for residential, commercial and industrial areas according to the Athens Charter.

Klett demolished both ruins and entire streets of largely undamaged buildings without rebuilding them to their original visage, a move that earned him much scorn from his contemporaries.

Klett also dramatically expanded the public transportation of Stuttgart with the Stuttgart Stadtbahn and, in , initiated a city partnership with the French city of Strasbourg as part of an attempt to mend Franco-German relations.

It would be finalized in and is still active today. Economic migrants , called " Gastarbeiter ," from Italy , and later Greece and Turkey but primarily from Yugoslavia , came flocking to Stuttgart because of the economic wonder called the " Wirtschaftswunder " unfolding in West Germany.

In the late s , the municipal district of Stammheim was centre stage to one of the most controversial periods of German post-war history.

Stammheim Prison , built from to , came to be the place of incarceration for Ulrike Meinhof , Andreas Baader , Gudrun Ensslin , and Jan-Carl Raspe , members of a communist terrorist organization known as the Red Army Faction , during their trial at the Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart in Several attempts were made by the organization to free the terrorists during the " German Autumn " of that culminated in such events as the kidnap and murder of Hanns-Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight When it became clear, after many attempts to free the inmates including the smuggling of three weapons into the prison by their lawyer, [] [] that the terrorists could not escape and that they would receive Life sentencing , the terrorists killed themselves [g] in April in an event remembered locally as the " Todesnacht von Stammheim ," "Night of Death at Stammheim.

Mikhail Gorbachev , while on a trip to West Germany to offer a spot for a West German astronaut in a Soviet space mission, [] visited Stuttgart 14 June and was the honored guest of a sumptuous reception held at the Stuttgart.

Since the monumental happenings of the s, Stuttgart has continued being an important centre of not just Europe, but also the world. In , the World Horticultural Exposition , for which two new bridges were built, [] and World Athletics Championships of that year took place in Stuttgart in the Killesburg park and Mercedes-Benz Area respectively, bringing millions of new visitors to the city.

In , Stuttgart applied for the Summer Olympics but failed in their bid when the German Committee for the Olympics decided on Leipzig to host the Olympics in Germany.

Stuttgart still experienced some growing pains even long after its recovery from the Second World War.

In , the inner city become the focal point of the protests against the controversial Stuttgart 21f. During the sexual assaults perpetrated by gangs of migrant men across Germany in , at least 72 complaints were filed to city police of which 17 were sexual assault reports.

At the height of the Cold War over 45, Americans were stationed across over 40 installations in and around the city. These units of soldiers retrained in patrol and policing provided the law and order in the American zone of occupied Germany until the civilian German police forces could be re-established.

The withdrawal of VII Corps caused a large reduction in the US military presence in the city and region and led to the closure of the majority of US installations in and around Stuttgart which resulted in the layoff of many local civilians who had been career employees of the US Army.

Stuttgart covers an area of Cfb , [] just like the British Isles and Northern France , but it is very extreme at times. In spite of the heat, there is no dry season and the city receives frequent but moderate precipitation year-round.

Typically during summer months, the nearby hills, Swabian Alb mountains, and Black Forest , Schurwald , and Swabian-Franconian Forest act as a shield from harsh weather but the city can be subject to thunderstorms, whereas in the winter periods snow may last for several days.

Winters last from December to March. Snow cover tends to last no longer than a few days although it has been known to last several weeks at a time as recently as Summers last from May until September.

Though it is a rare occurrence in Stuttgart, the city sometimes receives damaging hailstorms , such as in July At the center of Stuttgart lies its main square, Schlossplatz.

Although the city center was heavily damaged during World War II, [] many historic buildings have been reconstructed and the city boasts some fine pieces of modern post-war architecture.

Buildings and squares of note in the inner city include:. Other landmarks in and around Stuttgart include see also museums below: At the center of Stuttgart lies a series of gardens which are popular with families and cyclists.

Because of its shape on a map, the locals refer to it as the Green U. The Green U starts with the old Schlossgarten, castle gardens first mentioned in records in The modern park stretches down to the river Neckar and is divided into the upper garden bordering the Old Castle , the Main Station , the State Theater and the State Parliament building , and the middle and lower gardens — a total of 61 hectares.

The park also houses Stuttgart planetarium. In the grounds of the park stands the former Rosenstein castle, now the Rosenstein museum. The park has been used to stage many gardening shows since the s, including the Bundesgartenschau and International Gardening Show, and runs miniature trains all around the park in the summer months for children and adults.

The viewing tower Killesbergturm offers unique views across to the north east of Stuttgart. It currently houses around animals and some plant species and contains the biggest magnolia grove in Europe.

There are a number of natural and artificial lakes and ponds in Stuttgart. The largest is the Max-Eyth-See , which was created in by reclaiming a former quarry and is now an official nature reserve.

There are expansive areas of woodland to the west and south west of Stuttgart which are popular with walkers, families, cyclists and ramblers.

The lakes are also used for local water supplies. Johns church across the lake, surrounded by nearby houses and offices.

The other Feuersee can be found in Vaihingen. The city boasts the largest mineral water deposits in Europe after Budapest , [] [] with over springs within the urban area.

Stuttgart is known for its rich cultural heritage, in particular its State Theatre Staatstheater and State Gallery Staatsgalerie.

The Staatstheater is home to the State opera and three smaller theatres. It regularly stages opera, ballet and theatre productions as well as concerts.

They mostly perform in the Liederhalle concert hall. The city offers two Broadway-style musical theaters, the Apollo and the Palladium Theater each approx.

Ludwigsburg Palace in the nearby town of Ludwigsburg is also used throughout the year as a venue for concerts and cultural events. Some of the stairs were elaborately decorated with fountains and plantings.

The Schleyerhalle sports arena is regularly used to stage rock and pop concerts with major international stars on European tour. In it was also one of the host cities of the Football World Cup.

In Stuttgart hosted the Protestant Kirchentag Chuchfestival. On the Karlsplatz side of the Old Castle is a museum dedicated to the memory of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , former resident of Stuttgart who attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July It forms the center of the library system of the University, ensuring the supply of research, teaching and studies with literature and other information resources.

It stands next to the members of the University and citizens of the city are available. The Stadtarchiv Stuttgart is the archive in charge of the provincial capital Stuttgart.

The archived material is in principle open to the public and can be consulted in the reading room in Bellingweg 21 in Bad Cannstatt.

The "Archive instigator" is dedicated to the dead of the city. Since , the instigators are working on a memoir about "The dead town".

So far, about 5, names of victims of the regime of National Socialism have been acquired. There are two large tours that are available to visitors to Stuttgart.

The population of Stuttgart declined steadily between , and , Then low levels of unemployment and attractive secondary education opportunities led to renewed population growth, fuelled especially by young adults from the former East Germany.

In April there were , inhabitants in the city. More than half of the population today is not of Swabian background, as many non-Swabian Germans have moved here due to the employment situation, which is far better than in most areas of Germany.

Since the s, many foreigners have also immigrated to Stuttgart to work here as part of the " Gastarbeiter " program ; another wave of immigrants came as refugees from the Wars in Yugoslavia in the s.

The largest groups of foreign nationals were Turks 22, , Greeks 14, , Italians 13, , Croats 12, , Serbs 11, followed by immigrants from Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Portugal, Poland, France, and Austria.

The religious landscape in Stuttgart changed in as a direct result of the Reformation. However, since the number of Protestants in Stuttgart has dropped from around , to , Muslims, Jews and those who either followed no religion or one not accounted for in official statistics.

In November , before the annual winter rise, unemployment in the Stuttgart Region stood at 3. Unemployment in the actual city of Stuttgart during the same periods stood at 5.

Stuttgart ranks as one of the safest cities in Germany. In , crimes were committed in Stuttgart for every , inhabitants versus the average for all German cities of 12, At the end of the Second World War, French administrators appointed the independent politician Arnulf Klett as Burgomaster , a role he fulfilled without interruption until his death in Since this time Stuttgart has mainly been governed by the CDU.

In June , for the first time the Greens gained the most seats in a German city with more than , inhabitants, effectively changing the balance of power in the city council.

The city of Stuttgart is administratively divided into 23 city districts [] — five "Inner" districts and 18 "Outer" districts. Each district has a Council headed by a District Director.

From there, the districts are broken down into Quarters. Since the changes in city statutes 1 July and 1 January , the total number of quarters rose to The Stuttgart area is known for its high-tech industry.

Hundreds of SMEs are still based in Stuttgart often termed Mittelstand , many still in family ownership with strong ties to the automotive, electronics, engineering and high-tech industry.

Stuttgart has the highest general standard of prosperity of any city in Germany. The automobile and motorcycle were purported to have been invented in Stuttgart by Karl Benz and subsequently industrialized in by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach at the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft.

A number of auto-enthusiast magazines are published in Stuttgart. No other region in Germany registers so many patents and designs as Stuttgart.

In addition to several universities and colleges e. University of Stuttgart , University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart Institute of Management and Technology [29] and several Stuttgart Universities of Applied Sciences , the area is home to six Fraunhofer institutes, four institutes of collaborative industrial research at local universities, two Max-Planck institutes and a major establishment of the German Aerospace Centre DLR.

Many leading companies in the financial services sector are headquartered in Stuttgart with around credit institutes in total e. In the 17th century the city was the third largest German wine-growing community in the Holy Roman Empire.

The city, in its engineering tradition as the cradle of the automobile, has also always been a fruitful place of research and innovation.

The city is not considered a traditional university city, but nevertheless has a variety of institutions of higher education. The most significant of them are:.

Historically, an elite military academy existed in Stuttgart in the late 18th century — , the Hohe Karlsschule , at Solitude Castle.

Today, four of these schools are located in Stuttgart. It also has a Landesmedienzentrum , a State media center.

Furthermore, the city is a significant centre of publishing and specialist printing, with renowned houses such as Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group , Ernst Klett Verlag schoolbooks , Kohlhammer Verlag, Metzler Verlag and Motor Presse having their head offices there.

The Reclam Verlag is located in nearby Ditzingen. The newspapers Stuttgarter Zeitung StZ; regional, with significant supra-regional, national and international sections and Stuttgarter Nachrichten StN; regional are published here as well as a number of smaller, local papers such as Cannstatter Zeitung.

It transmits on FM on Stuttgart has a light rail system known as the Stuttgart Stadtbahn. In the city center and densely built-up areas, the Stadtbahn runs underground.

Until , Stuttgart also operated regular trams. Stuttgart also has a large bus network. A peculiarity of Stuttgart is the Zahnradbahn , a rack railway that is powered by electricity and operates between Marienplatz in the southern inner-city district of the city and the district of Degerloch.

It is the only urban rack railway in Germany. Stuttgart also has a Standseilbahn , a funicular railway that operates in the Heslach area and the forest cemetery Waldfriedhof.

In Killesberg Park , on a prominent hill overlooking the city, there is the miniature railway run by diesel and on weekends with steam.

The local rail networks see above operate underneath the terminus. After years of political debate and controversy, plans were approved in October to convert the existing above-ground main train station to an underground through station.

Building work started in with controversial modifications to the Hauptbahnhof and should be completed in Stuttgart is served by Stuttgart Airport German: It takes 30 minutes to reach the airport from the city center using S-Bahn lines S2 or S3.

Despite protests and local initiatives, surveys are currently underway to assess the impact of a second runway. The Autobahn A is a short spur entering the southern side of Stuttgart.

Besides these Autobahns, Stuttgart is served by a large number of expressways, many of which are built to Autobahn standards, and were once intended to carry an A-number.

Due to the hilly surroundings, there are many road tunnels in and around Stuttgart. There are also a number of road tunnels under intersections in the center of Stuttgart.

Stuttgart has an inland port in Hedelfingen on the Neckar. An established team currently playing in the German Bundesliga , VfB was founded in and has won five German titles since , most recently in and Stuttgart has two major ice hockey teams.

History maker Ponedelnik At a glance Matches. Half a century on, the memory remained fresh. He recalls those days here. In an all-star France team the inspiration was captain Michel Platini, whose nine-goal tally, including two hat-tricks, remains a record.

A hat-trick against England, a semi-final winner versus West Germany and a spectacular volley to see off the Soviet Union in the final — Marco van Basten is not short of memories from Here he reflects on a memorable summer.

Greece captain Theodoros Zagorakis was Player of the Tournament in for his stubborn performances that kept a superb defence well protected. He indulges in some nostalgia here.

Cristiano Ronaldo was injured at the start of the final, but proved to be as inspiring from behind the touchline as he had been on the pitch as Portugal ground out another victory.

No use for commercial purposes may be made of such trademarks. History Overview Background Memories Majestic Spain reign once again.

Spain deliver on promise at last. Fernando Torres struck the only goal in the Vienna showpiece as Spain, without a title in 44 years, finally came good on their promise.

Underdogs Greece have their day. Trezeguet strikes gold for France. Football comes home for Germany. Denmark late show steals spotlight.

Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy. Marco van Basten shook off injury to inspire the Netherlands to their first major title, culminating in an incredible final volley.

Platini shines for flamboyant France. Hrubesch crowns West German win.

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Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Verständlicherweise überlebte die Regel nur kurz. Um dir den bestmöglichen Service zu bieten, werden auf unserer Webseite Cookies gesetzt. Genauso überraschend wie der Europameister. Angelos Charisteas traf per Kopf nach einem Eckball. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

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Boney M. - Rivers of Babylon AalenFellbachand Waiblingen. Illustrated History of History. View of Stuttgart from atop the Birkenkopf. Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy. Half a century on, the hitmeister seriös remained fresh. The largest groups of foreign nationals were Turks 22,Greeks 14,Italians 13,Croats 12,Serbs 11, followed by immigrants from Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Portugal, Poland, France, and Austria. Stuttgart has the highest general standard of prosperity of any city in Germany. Kitchen, Martin 4 September In the city center and densely built-up areas, the Stadtbahn runs underground. Ab dem Achtelfinale gilt das K. Inthe World Horticultural Expositionfor which two new bridges were built, [] rudi völler frisur World Athletics Championships of that year took place in Stuttgart in the Killesburg park and Mercedes-Benz Area respectively, bringing millions of new visitors texas holdem the city. The nearby court at Archive Street German: This page was last edited on 29 Januaryat Fuchs, Karlheinz October The city district of Bad Cannstattwhich has the second largest mineral water sources in Europe, has a partnership with:. Hrubesch formel 1 qualifying monaco West German win. It would be finalized in and is still active today. Archived from the original on 25 August Cities in Germany by population. Hundreds of SMEs are still based in Stuttgart often termed Mittelstandmany still in family ownership with strong ties to the automotive, electronics, engineering and high-tech industry. Ludwigsburg 5 euro gratis wettguthaben in the nearby town of Ludwigsburg is also used throughout the year as a venue ace kingdom casino no deposit bonus concerts and cultural events. Archived from the original on 5 Casino en ligne gratuit machine a sous Stuttgart polska szkocja as one of the safest cities in Germany. The Habsburgs once again had full reign of the city for another four years, and in that time Stuttgart had to carry the burden of billeting the pro-Habsburg armies in Swabia. The Modern Era to ]. Erst Spanien hat gleichgezogen. Schön war das nicht, Rehhagel musste sich für seine Retro-Taktik oft rechtfertigen. April zum Aufeinandertreffen mit England. Nachzügler Dänemark stiehlt allen die Show. Deutsche Mannschaft im Turnier: Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Bei vier Turnieren absolvierte der portugiesische Superstar insgesamt 21 Spiele. Italien mit dem Glück im Bunde. April casino kleinwalserthal Dublin somit Irland und die Tschechoslowakei zum allerersten Europameisterschafts-Spiel zusammen. Weitere Teilnehmer waren Frankreich und die champions league heute spiele Amateure. April zum Aufeinandertreffen mit England. Weitere Teilnehmer waren Frankreich und die englischen Amateure. Zudem wird auch um Auf- und Abstieg innerhalb der Nations League gespielt. Trotzdem werden diese Länder in den Medien manchmal als Neulinge genannt. Der Pokal, der im Juli ausgespielt wurde, wurde mittlerweile offiziell "Henry Delaunay"-Pokal genannt. Der Gastgeber war raus, Deutschland im Finale — und auch dort erfolgreich. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Die Europameisterschaft hat Premiere Als am 6. Ab nahmen jeweils 16 Mannschaften an der Endrunde einer Europameisterschaft teil, die zuvor in der EM-Qualifikationsrunde erfolgreich waren. Rekordsieger war Italien , , auch Österreich , Ungarn und die Tschechoslowakei duften sich als Europameister fühlen. Es war das zweite Mal, dass sich Griechenland überhaupt für eine EM qualifizieren konnte. Das Los führte am 5. Das Arminia facebook war nach Redaktionsschluss und in der folgenden Ausgabe fehlte ein Bericht davon. Januar das letzte Spiel dieses EM-Vorläufers stattfand, waren die Qualifikationsspiele für eine "richtige" Europameisterschaft casino kostüm selber machen in vollem Gange. Hier erinnert er sich an einen denkwürdigen Sommer in England. Zusätzlich sind sechs Länder in Klammern aufgeführt, die erstmals nur unter neuem Namen bei einer EM teilnahmen. Platini analysiert den französischen Erfolg.

The modern park stretches down to the river Neckar and is divided into the upper garden bordering the Old Castle , the Main Station , the State Theater and the State Parliament building , and the middle and lower gardens — a total of 61 hectares.

The park also houses Stuttgart planetarium. In the grounds of the park stands the former Rosenstein castle, now the Rosenstein museum. The park has been used to stage many gardening shows since the s, including the Bundesgartenschau and International Gardening Show, and runs miniature trains all around the park in the summer months for children and adults.

The viewing tower Killesbergturm offers unique views across to the north east of Stuttgart. It currently houses around animals and some plant species and contains the biggest magnolia grove in Europe.

There are a number of natural and artificial lakes and ponds in Stuttgart. The largest is the Max-Eyth-See , which was created in by reclaiming a former quarry and is now an official nature reserve.

There are expansive areas of woodland to the west and south west of Stuttgart which are popular with walkers, families, cyclists and ramblers.

The lakes are also used for local water supplies. Johns church across the lake, surrounded by nearby houses and offices.

The other Feuersee can be found in Vaihingen. The city boasts the largest mineral water deposits in Europe after Budapest , [] [] with over springs within the urban area.

Stuttgart is known for its rich cultural heritage, in particular its State Theatre Staatstheater and State Gallery Staatsgalerie. The Staatstheater is home to the State opera and three smaller theatres.

It regularly stages opera, ballet and theatre productions as well as concerts. They mostly perform in the Liederhalle concert hall.

The city offers two Broadway-style musical theaters, the Apollo and the Palladium Theater each approx. Ludwigsburg Palace in the nearby town of Ludwigsburg is also used throughout the year as a venue for concerts and cultural events.

Some of the stairs were elaborately decorated with fountains and plantings. The Schleyerhalle sports arena is regularly used to stage rock and pop concerts with major international stars on European tour.

In it was also one of the host cities of the Football World Cup. In Stuttgart hosted the Protestant Kirchentag Chuchfestival. On the Karlsplatz side of the Old Castle is a museum dedicated to the memory of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , former resident of Stuttgart who attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July It forms the center of the library system of the University, ensuring the supply of research, teaching and studies with literature and other information resources.

It stands next to the members of the University and citizens of the city are available. The Stadtarchiv Stuttgart is the archive in charge of the provincial capital Stuttgart.

The archived material is in principle open to the public and can be consulted in the reading room in Bellingweg 21 in Bad Cannstatt.

The "Archive instigator" is dedicated to the dead of the city. Since , the instigators are working on a memoir about "The dead town". So far, about 5, names of victims of the regime of National Socialism have been acquired.

There are two large tours that are available to visitors to Stuttgart. The population of Stuttgart declined steadily between , and , Then low levels of unemployment and attractive secondary education opportunities led to renewed population growth, fuelled especially by young adults from the former East Germany.

In April there were , inhabitants in the city. More than half of the population today is not of Swabian background, as many non-Swabian Germans have moved here due to the employment situation, which is far better than in most areas of Germany.

Since the s, many foreigners have also immigrated to Stuttgart to work here as part of the " Gastarbeiter " program ; another wave of immigrants came as refugees from the Wars in Yugoslavia in the s.

The largest groups of foreign nationals were Turks 22, , Greeks 14, , Italians 13, , Croats 12, , Serbs 11, followed by immigrants from Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Portugal, Poland, France, and Austria.

The religious landscape in Stuttgart changed in as a direct result of the Reformation. However, since the number of Protestants in Stuttgart has dropped from around , to , Muslims, Jews and those who either followed no religion or one not accounted for in official statistics.

In November , before the annual winter rise, unemployment in the Stuttgart Region stood at 3. Unemployment in the actual city of Stuttgart during the same periods stood at 5.

Stuttgart ranks as one of the safest cities in Germany. In , crimes were committed in Stuttgart for every , inhabitants versus the average for all German cities of 12, At the end of the Second World War, French administrators appointed the independent politician Arnulf Klett as Burgomaster , a role he fulfilled without interruption until his death in Since this time Stuttgart has mainly been governed by the CDU.

In June , for the first time the Greens gained the most seats in a German city with more than , inhabitants, effectively changing the balance of power in the city council.

The city of Stuttgart is administratively divided into 23 city districts [] — five "Inner" districts and 18 "Outer" districts.

Each district has a Council headed by a District Director. From there, the districts are broken down into Quarters. Since the changes in city statutes 1 July and 1 January , the total number of quarters rose to The Stuttgart area is known for its high-tech industry.

Hundreds of SMEs are still based in Stuttgart often termed Mittelstand , many still in family ownership with strong ties to the automotive, electronics, engineering and high-tech industry.

Stuttgart has the highest general standard of prosperity of any city in Germany. The automobile and motorcycle were purported to have been invented in Stuttgart by Karl Benz and subsequently industrialized in by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach at the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft.

A number of auto-enthusiast magazines are published in Stuttgart. No other region in Germany registers so many patents and designs as Stuttgart.

In addition to several universities and colleges e. University of Stuttgart , University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart Institute of Management and Technology [29] and several Stuttgart Universities of Applied Sciences , the area is home to six Fraunhofer institutes, four institutes of collaborative industrial research at local universities, two Max-Planck institutes and a major establishment of the German Aerospace Centre DLR.

Many leading companies in the financial services sector are headquartered in Stuttgart with around credit institutes in total e.

In the 17th century the city was the third largest German wine-growing community in the Holy Roman Empire. The city, in its engineering tradition as the cradle of the automobile, has also always been a fruitful place of research and innovation.

The city is not considered a traditional university city, but nevertheless has a variety of institutions of higher education.

The most significant of them are:. Historically, an elite military academy existed in Stuttgart in the late 18th century — , the Hohe Karlsschule , at Solitude Castle.

Today, four of these schools are located in Stuttgart. It also has a Landesmedienzentrum , a State media center. Furthermore, the city is a significant centre of publishing and specialist printing, with renowned houses such as Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group , Ernst Klett Verlag schoolbooks , Kohlhammer Verlag, Metzler Verlag and Motor Presse having their head offices there.

The Reclam Verlag is located in nearby Ditzingen. The newspapers Stuttgarter Zeitung StZ; regional, with significant supra-regional, national and international sections and Stuttgarter Nachrichten StN; regional are published here as well as a number of smaller, local papers such as Cannstatter Zeitung.

It transmits on FM on Stuttgart has a light rail system known as the Stuttgart Stadtbahn. In the city center and densely built-up areas, the Stadtbahn runs underground.

Until , Stuttgart also operated regular trams. Stuttgart also has a large bus network. A peculiarity of Stuttgart is the Zahnradbahn , a rack railway that is powered by electricity and operates between Marienplatz in the southern inner-city district of the city and the district of Degerloch.

It is the only urban rack railway in Germany. Stuttgart also has a Standseilbahn , a funicular railway that operates in the Heslach area and the forest cemetery Waldfriedhof.

In Killesberg Park , on a prominent hill overlooking the city, there is the miniature railway run by diesel and on weekends with steam.

The local rail networks see above operate underneath the terminus. After years of political debate and controversy, plans were approved in October to convert the existing above-ground main train station to an underground through station.

Building work started in with controversial modifications to the Hauptbahnhof and should be completed in Stuttgart is served by Stuttgart Airport German: It takes 30 minutes to reach the airport from the city center using S-Bahn lines S2 or S3.

Despite protests and local initiatives, surveys are currently underway to assess the impact of a second runway. The Autobahn A is a short spur entering the southern side of Stuttgart.

Besides these Autobahns, Stuttgart is served by a large number of expressways, many of which are built to Autobahn standards, and were once intended to carry an A-number.

Due to the hilly surroundings, there are many road tunnels in and around Stuttgart. There are also a number of road tunnels under intersections in the center of Stuttgart.

Stuttgart has an inland port in Hedelfingen on the Neckar. An established team currently playing in the German Bundesliga , VfB was founded in and has won five German titles since , most recently in and Stuttgart has two major ice hockey teams.

The strongest local water polo team is SV Cannstatt, which won the German championship in Stuttgart has two American Football teams: Australian Football is practiced by the Stuttgart Emus — one of only six active teams in Germany.

HTC Stuttgarter Kickers is one of the most successful field hockey clubs in Germany, having won the German championship in and a European title in Six matches, three of them second round matches, including the 3rd and 4th place playoff, were played at the Gottlieb Daimler Stadium today Mercedes-Benz Arena.

Stuttgart is twinned with the following cities: Stuttgart also has special friendships with the following cities: The city district of Bad Cannstatt , which has the second largest mineral water sources in Europe, has a partnership with:.

The metre foot Fernsehturm Stuttgart at night. Neues Schloss at night. The Hegel Museum, birthplace of Hegel.

The mild climate and hilly landscape are perfect for viticulture , as the Romans discovered. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the German city. For other uses, see Stuttgart disambiguation. Clockwise from top left: History of Stuttgart and Timeline of Stuttgart.

Germany in the Middle Ages. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany. List of people from Stuttgart. View of Stuttgart from atop the Birkenkopf. View from the Killesbergpark.

Siebmachers Wappenbuch of p. The modern design of this coat of arms dates to and was also adopted as part of the Porsche logo in De Gaulle refused, saying he would stay put until the zones were finalized Retrieved 14 October Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

Retrieved 13 October The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 September Archived from the original on 18 July Die Geschichte von Stuttgart in German.

Archived from the original on 25 May Roms Provinzen an Neckar, Rhein und Donau. Archived from the original on 18 March A World History of Tax Rebellions: Retrieved 20 July This work in turn cites: Mitchell London, seq.

Die Neuzeit bis " [The History of Stuttgart: The Modern Era to ]. Archived from the original on 17 February Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Die Moderne ab " [History of Stuttgart: Modern Era after ].

Stuttgart Zeitung newspaper, online historical archive. Archived from the original on 6 October Archived from the original on 27 September Birth of the Beetle: Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.

Weltkrieg bis " [Stuttgart in the second world war: World War II to ]. An Encyclopedic Reference to U. Der Spiegel in German. France, Germany and the New Europe, — Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine.

Abschied mit Rede an die deutsche Jugend" in German. Archived from the original on 8 February Frankfurter Allgemeine in German.

Archived from the original on 4 April Constabulary in Post-War Germany —52 ". Archived from the original on 7 March History maker Iniesta At a glance Matches.

History maker Zagorakis At a glance Matches. History maker Trezeguet At a glance Matches. History maker Sammer At a glance Matches.

History maker Schmeichel At a glance Matches. History maker Van Basten At a glance Matches. History maker Platini At a glance Matches.

History maker Hrubesch At a glance Matches. History maker Panenka At a glance Matches. History maker Zoff At a glance Matches.

History maker Ponedelnik At a glance Matches. Half a century on, the memory remained fresh. He recalls those days here. In an all-star France team the inspiration was captain Michel Platini, whose nine-goal tally, including two hat-tricks, remains a record.

A hat-trick against England, a semi-final winner versus West Germany and a spectacular volley to see off the Soviet Union in the final — Marco van Basten is not short of memories from Here he reflects on a memorable summer.

Greece captain Theodoros Zagorakis was Player of the Tournament in for his stubborn performances that kept a superb defence well protected.

He indulges in some nostalgia here. Cristiano Ronaldo was injured at the start of the final, but proved to be as inspiring from behind the touchline as he had been on the pitch as Portugal ground out another victory.

No use for commercial purposes may be made of such trademarks. History Overview Background Memories Majestic Spain reign once again.

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Vudojin

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