Alle Snooker-Turniere der Saison / der World Snooker Main Tour im Überblick. Die aktuellen Snooker Eurosport Sendezeiten für Deutschland. Aktualisierung zu jedem Snooker-Turnier, das von Eurosport gezeigt wird. Snooker (britisch: [ˈsnuːkə]; amerikanisch: [ˈsnʊkɚ]) ist eine Variante des Billards. Gespielt wird mit einem weißen Spielball, 15 roten und sechs weiteren.
Less than four years after its billionaire chairman, David H. Murdock, took Dole Food Co. First Known Use of snooker Noun , in the meaning defined above Verb , in the meaning defined above.
History and Etymology for snooker Noun origin unknown. Learn More about snooker. Resources for snooker Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared.
From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Statistics for snooker Look-up Popularity. Time Traveler for snooker The first known use of snooker was in See more words from the same year.
More from Merriam-Webster on snooker Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with snooker Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for snooker Britannica.
To accommodate the growing interest, smaller and more open snooker-specific clubs were formed. The game of Snooker grew in the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century, and by the first World Snooker Championship  had been organised by Joe Davis who, as a professional English billiards and snooker player, moved the game from a pastime activity into a more professional sphere.
The game went into a decline through the s and s with little interest generated outside of those who played. A major advance occurred in , when David Attenborough commissioned the snooker television series Pot Black to demonstrate the potential of colour television with the green table and multi-coloured balls being ideal for showing off the advantages of colour broadcasting.
In a total of At the start of a frame, the balls are positioned as shown, and the players then take turns to hit shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue , their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point, or, if this is not possible, to at least hit a red ball so as to avoid making a foul shot.
If the striker pots a red ball, he or she must then pot one of the six "colours" in snooker, the term colour is understood to exclude the red balls.
After that, the player must pot another red ball, then another colour, and so on. This process continues until the striker fails to pot the desired ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot.
The game continues in this manner until all the reds are potted and only the six colours are left on the table. When the final ball is potted, the player with more points wins.
This situation is called "re-spotted black" in which the black ball is placed on its designated spot and the cue ball is played as ball in hand.
The referee then tosses a coin and the winner decides which player goes first. The frame continues until one of the players pots the black ball, or commits a foul.
In professional snooker this is a common occurrence. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for failing to hit the correct ball e.
Points gained from a foul vary from a minimum of four, to a maximum of seven if the black ball is involved. The total number of consecutive points excluding fouls that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a " break ".
A player attaining a break of 15, for example, could have reached it by potting a red then a black, then a red then a pink, before failing to pot the next red.
The traditional maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding points; this is often known as a "" or a "maximum".
Jamie Cope has the distinction of being the first player in snooker history to post a verified break, achieved in a practice frame in , with other players such as Alex Higgins also claiming to have made a similar break.
One game , from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a " frame ". A match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match.
Most professional matches require a player to win five frames, and are called "best of nine" as that is the maximum possible number of frames.
Professional and competitive amateur matches are officiated by a referee who is the sole judge of fair play. The referee also replaces the colours on the table when necessary and calls out how many points the player has scored during a break.
Professional players usually play the game in a sporting manner, declaring fouls the referee has missed, acknowledging good shots from their opponent, or holding up a hand to apologise for fortunate shots, also known as "flukes".
Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts needed often, due to the length of a full-size table , a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard.
While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls. The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls.
The variants in table size are: Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible.
A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus, and records units, tens and hundreds via horizontal sliding pointers.
A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire". Each bead segment of the string represents a single point.
Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue. Professional snooker players can play on the World Snooker main tour ranking circuit.
Ranking points , earned by players through their performances over the previous two seasons, determine the current world rankings.
The elite of professional snooker are generally regarded as the "top 16" ranking players,  who are not required to pre-qualify for three of the tournaments, namely the Shanghai Masters , Australian Open and the World Snooker Championship.
The most important event in professional snooker is the world championship,  held annually since except during World War II and between and The tournament has been held at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield , England, since , and was sponsored by Embassy from to It was announced in January that the — world championships would be sponsored by online casino The championship is currently sponsored by Betfred.
The group of tournaments that come next in importance are the other ranking tournaments. Players in these tournaments score world ranking points.
Third in line are the invitational tournaments, to which most of the highest ranked players are invited. The most important tournament in this category is the Masters ,  which to most players is the second or third most sought-after prize.
In an attempt to answer criticisms that televised matches can be slow or get bogged down in lengthy safety exchanges and that long matches cause problems for advertisers,  an alternative series of timed tournaments has been organised by Matchroom Sport chairman Barry Hearn.
The shot-timed Premier League Snooker was established, with seven players invited to compete at regular United Kingdom venues, televised on Sky Sports.
Players had twenty-five seconds to take each shot, with five time-outs per player per match. While some success was achieved with this format, it generally did not receive the same amount of press attention or status as the regular ranking tournaments.
However, this event has been taken out of the tour since , when the Champion of Champions was established. It has been created by leading snooker internet firm Global- Snooker.
Stars back whole new balls game. Bahrain to host world snooker. At a glittering ceremony held in Dubai, Damas honoured the snooker players for winning the gold medal in the Arabian Championship and the billiards players who won the silver at the fifth Gulf Championship.
Who won the World Snooker Masters in February this year? At the height of his snooker career, the Hurricane was feared and revered by allcomers in the snooker fraternity.
A spokesman of Pakistan Billiard and Snooker Association, said before leaving for the championship, the cueists will attend a day training camp in Karachi, which will commence from Tuesday, Radio Pakistan reported.